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The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família, commonly known as the Sagrada Família, is an architectural masterpiece in Barcelona, Spain. Designed by the renowned Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí, this basilica is a symbol of modernist architecture and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Though construction began in 1882, the Sagrada Família remains unfinished, drawing visitors from around the world to witness its unique beauty and ongoing construction.

Historical Background

The Sagrada Família's history dates back to 1882 when architect Francisco de Paula del Villar initially designed it in a Gothic Revival style. In 1883, Antoni Gaudí took over the project, transforming it with his distinctive style that blended Gothic and Art Nouveau forms. Gaudí dedicated the latter part of his life to the basilica, and upon his death in 1926, less than a quarter of the project was complete.

History of the Temple - Sagrada Família - Sagrada Familia

Architectural Features

The Sagrada Família is known for its intricate and symbolic design, characterized by its towering spires, intricate facades, and organic forms.

  1. Facades:

    • Nativity Facade: The eastern facade, dedicated to the birth of Christ, is richly decorated with scenes from Jesus' childhood. It was the first to be completed and bears Gaudí's unmistakable touch.

What to See at Sagrada Familia - Attractions, Highlights and More

  • Passion Facade: The stark and austere western facade depicts the Passion of Christ. Designed by architect Josep Maria Subirachs, it contrasts sharply with the Nativity Facade.

The Passion façade: key moments - Blog Sagrada Família

  • Glory Facade: The main facade, still under construction, will represent the journey to God and the Last Judgment.

Discover the Glory Facade of Sagrada Familia

2. Interior: The interior of the basilica resembles a vast, otherworldly forest. Gaudí's innovative use of light and color, along with tree-like columns that branch out to support the roof, create a mesmerizing and contemplative space. Stained glass windows  cast vibrant colors across the nave, enhancing the ethereal atmosphere.

El Interior de la Sagrada Familia: Explorando sus Maravillas | Amigo Tours

3. Spires: Upon completion, the Sagrada Família will boast 18 spires, each symbolizing important biblical figures. The central spire, dedicated to Jesus Christ, will rise 172.5 meters, making it the tallest church building in the world.

Video: The Six Towers that will Crown the Sagrada Família

Construction and Techniques

Gaudí pioneered the use of geometrical shapes found in nature, such as hyperboloids, paraboloids, and helicoids, which he integrated into the design of the Sagrada Família. Modern construction techniques and materials, including computer-aided design and prefabrication, have accelerated progress, aiming for completion around 2026, marking the centenary of Gaudí's death.

Construction resumes on the Sagrada Familia - yet fall in tourism revenue  delays completion date - Spain in English

Visitor Experience

The Sagrada Família is one of the most visited monuments in Spain, attracting millions of tourists annually. Visitors can explore its awe-inspiring interior, ascend the towers for panoramic views of Barcelona, and learn about Gaudí's vision and the basilica's ongoing construction through exhibitions and guided tours.

Individual - Sagrada Familia